India’s Covid vaccination mock drill: planning, logistics to be in focus

Barely days away from the roll-out of a Covid-19 vaccine in India, the has directed all the states and Union Territories (UTs) to conduct a dry run of the immunisation drive on Saturday to check the preparedness of the healthcare ecosystem. The drill will also test the health authorities’ abilities to manage vaccine supply, storage and logistics, including cold chain management.

The government has trained 96,000 vaccinators so far for the world’s largest immunisation exercise. A helpline, 104, is also being augmented by states for any vaccine-related queries.

“The objective of the dry run is to assess operational feasibility in the use of Co-WIN application in field environment, test the linkages between planning and implementation, and identify the challenges and guide way forward prior to actual implementation. This is also expected to give confidence to programme managers at various levels,” the Union said.

All the state capitals will conduct the dry run on Saturday at three session sites, some of which might be in difficult terrain with poor logistical support.

According to the ministry’s estimates, 29,000 cold chain points, 240 walk-in coolers, 70 walk-in freezers, 45,000 ice-lined refrigerators, 41,000 deep freezers, and 300 solar refrigerators will be required as the vaccine is rolled out across the country.

Of the 23.9-million vaccinators — auxiliary nurses and midwives who provide vaccination under the universal immunisation programme, 15.4 million will be used for Covid vaccination, the ministry had said earlier.


The medical officer in charge will identify 25 test beneficiaries (healthcare workers) at each session site and their data will be uploaded on the Co-WIN app as mentioned in the operational guidelines by the

The exercise will also involve physical verification of all the proposed sites to ensure that there is adequate space, arrangements, Internet connectivity, electricity, and safety. For instance, the three model session sites in each state must have separate entry and exit points in a ‘three-room set-up’ with adequate space outside for awareness activities.

States should have identified vaccination teams and made sure they are well-versed in the standard operating procedures and trained for administering the vaccine.

An important focus of the dry run will be on managing any possible adverse events following immunisation, in addition to the adherence and management of infection control practices at the session site, to prevent transmission of the disease.

The mock drill will include concurrent monitoring and review at the block and district levels and preparation of feedback, which will then be shared with the ministry.

The first round of the dry run was conducted in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, and Punjab on December 28-29, 2020, in two districts each where five session sites with 25 beneficiaries each were identified. “No major issues were observed in the operational aspects during this dry run. All states expressed confidence in the operational guidelines and IT platform for large-scale programme implementation,” the ministry said.

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